You are using an outdated browser. For a faster, safer browsing experience, upgrade for free today.

Phosphate rock, a key mineral used in various industries, is primarily mined from sedimentary and igneous deposits around the world.

Sedimentary deposits, which account for over 80 percent of the world’s current production, are formed by the deposition of phosphate-rich materials in marine environments. China, the Middle East, Northern Africa, and the United States are home to significant sedimentary deposits, ensuring a steady supply of phosphate rock.

Igneous deposits, on the other hand, are associated with carbonatites and silica-deficient intrusions. These deposits are mined in countries such as Brazil, Canada, Finland, Russia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. Mining techniques employed for phosphate rock extraction vary depending on deposit size. Large deposits are typically extracted using draglines and bucket wheel excavators, while power shovels or earthmovers are used for smaller deposits. In some cases, underground mining methods, similar to coal mining, are employed using the room-and-pillar technique.

It is worth noting that in 2013, the majority of phosphate rock production was derived from surface mines, with only one active underground mine globally.

Understanding the distribution of phosphate rock deposits is essential for ensuring a stable supply chain. By providing this information, we aim to enhance your knowledge of phosphate rock sourcing and contribute to your decision-making process.